However, the US pulled out of the joint exercise citing "scheduling conflicts", though South Korean observers suggested that the real reason was the opposition of China, which regards a large portion of the Yellow Sea as its own territory. Kotch, John Barry; Abbey, Michael (2003). The United States contributed its 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit and the Seventh Air Force to the land and sea elements of the exercise.  Later, after 1982, it also hindered North Korea establishing a United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Exclusive Economic Zone to control fishing in the area. , In an effort to assert its territorial claims, North Korea has pursued a strategy of challenging South Korean control of the waters south of the NLL.  The United Nations declared it to be one of the most serious incidents since the end of the Korean War, and by December 18 former UN ambassador Bill Richardson said tensions had escalated to become "the most serious crisis on the Korean peninsula since the 1953 armistice which ended the Korean War.  About 108 shells were fired total, according to a North Korean defector who had served in an artillery battery. , At 14:34 local time, North Korean coastal artillery batteries on Mudo, and a recently redeployed 122-mm MLRs at Kaemori, in North Korea's Hwanghae Province, opened fire on the island of Yeonpyeong. A news item involving Bombardment of Yeonpyeong was featured on Wikipedia's Main Page in the In the news section on 23 November 2010. , The spokesman of Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi expressed concern in a press release and said that "Pakistan urges all concerned to exercise restraint and to resolve all issues peacefully". 2,000 boxes of emergency relief materials and more than 3,500 relief kits and boxes of food were sent to help residents recover.  South Korean artillery fired 80 shells in total. Pyongyang accused the South of firing first. National, Radio-Canada (27 November 2010). , The United Nations Command perspective remained unchanging, explaining that the NLL must be maintained until any new maritime military demarcation line could be In 1999, North Korea drew up their own line, the "West Sea Military Demarcation Line" which claims a maritime boundary farther south that encompasses valuable fishing grounds (though it skirts around South Korean-held islands such as Yeonpyeong). Three of the six K9 Thunder 155mm guns stationed on Yeonpyong returned fire, while two were damaged and one blocked by a dud shell. It has made several incursions that have sparked clashes between the two sides, notably a naval battle near Yeonpyeong island in 1999 as well as another engagement in the same area in 2002.  It has also been suggested that the attack was linked to the North's need for food aid. "My primary guess is that this is a response to the recent international prestige taken by South Korea at the G20. ", The North Korean attack had a global impact on the financial markets. , South Korean media on board the George Washington observe a training mission, November 2010, President Lee instructed the South Korean military to strike North Korea's missile base near its coastal artillery positions if there were an indication of further provocation.  South Korean forces went ahead with a live-fire exercise in waters off Baengnyeong Island and Yeonpyeong Island within South Korean-held territory. 10:00: South starts the artillery training exercise. After the 2010 bombardment of Yeonpyeong (in which North Korea attacked Yeonpyeong Island with conventional weapons, killing a number of civilians), the National Emergency Management Agency of South Korea distributed 1,300 gas masks to South Koreans living in the western border (a flashpoint for conflict); the agency also distributed another 610,000 gas masks to members of the â¦ This shelling followed a Southern military exercise in the area. North Korea must be held accountable for all the losses."  And so, against the backdrop of large-scale military exercises conducted by the South Korean Army to get on North Koreaâs nerves, and in which up to 70,000 people took part, on November 23rd, 2010 North Korean artillery opened fire on the South Korean island of Yeonpyeong. The North Koreans subsequently stated that they had responded to South Korean shells being fired into North Korean territorial waters. The White House described the attack as an âoutrageous actâ. ", http://www.eurasiareview.com/analysis/9787-north-korea-construction-of-nuclear-power-plant, "US envoy: N Korea nuclear plant 'provocative'", http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=%2Fg%2Fa%2F2010%2F11%2F21%2Fbloomberg1376-LC7WCB0UQVI901-29Q98QGU2IDJO5F66CH3IR4JDI.DTL, "VOANews "S. Korea Could Seek Deployment of US Tactical Nuclear Weapons" 22 November 2010", http://www.voanews.com/english/news/South-Korea-Could-Seek-Deployment-of-US-Tactical-Nuclear-Weapons-109819069.html, Experts cite succession and diplomatic pressure following artillery fire, "US Marine wonât participate in exercise in West Sea", http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2010/11/113_76555.html, "Military to kick off annual defense drill next week", http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2010/11/16/10/0301000000AEN20101116007000315F.HTML, North Korea fires artillery into sea near western border, "N. Korea fires artillery onto S. Korean island; 2 dead", http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2010-11-23-korea-artillery_N.htm, http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_entertainment/454954.html, Military Knew of N.Korean Artillery Move Before Attack, Seoul Warns of 'Severe Punishment' Over N.Korean Attack, S.Korea 'Unlikely' to Have Damaged N.Korean Artillery Positions, North Korea shells southern island, two fatalities reported, President Lee has changed his position from controlled response to manifold retaliation", NK fires shells onto S. Korean island, kills 2 Marines, "N.Korea shells S.Korea island, 4 troops wounded", "South Koreans hurt, evacuated after North Korea firing", http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE6AM0W920101123, "NK fires shells onto S. Korean island, kills 2 Marines", http://english.donga.com/srv/service.php3?bicode=050000&biid=2010112430388, "<å í´ìí¬ ì¬ê²© ìê°ëë³ íí©>(ì¢ í©2ë³´)", http://app.yonhapnews.co.kr/YNA/Basic/article/new_search/YIBW_showSearchArticle.aspx?searchpart=article&searchtext=%ED%95%B4%EC%95%88%ED%8F%AC%20%EC%8B%9C%EA%B0%84%EB%8C%80%EB%B3%84&contents_id=AKR20101123266500043, Two South Korean civilians 'died in attack by North', Two civilians found dead on S. Korean island shelled by N. Korea, Yeonpyeong residents continue evacuation of island, "North Korea claims it suffered no military casualties in 2010 artillery fight with South Korea", http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/north-korea-claims-it-suffered-no-military-casualties-in-2010-artillery-fight-with-south-korea/2012/08/18/0bded3e4-e8ff-11e1-9739-eef99c5fb285_story.html, "í©ì°¸ "ì°ë¦¬ êµ° ëìì¬ê²©ì¼ë¡ ë¶í ì¸¡ í¼í´ë ìë¹í ê²"", http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2010/11/23/2010112301706.html, (2nd LD) Military suggests counterfire caused 'many casualties' in N. Korea, Satellite images suggest N.Korea casualties: lawmaker, "South Korean defence minister resigns over deadly clash", http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-11838750, "North Korea says civilian deaths, if true, very regrettable", http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE6AQ0O720101127, "Asian Currencies Slump, Led by Won, on Korean Artillery Fire", http://www.businessweek.com/news/2010-11-23/asian-currencies-slump-led-by-won-on-korean-artillery-fire.html, "Two Koreas exchange fire across maritime border", http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE6AM0YS20101123?loomia_ow=t0:s0:a49:g43:r1:c0.586538:b39750226:z0, "S. Korea may strike N. Korea's missile base: President Lee", http://www.koreaherald.com/national/Detail.jsp?newsMLId=20101123001275, "U.S. aircraft carrier's arrival off Korean peninsula also sends a message to China", http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/11/24/AR2010112407028.html, "U.S. aircraft carrier heads for Korean waters", http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSL3E6MN0SQ20101124, "South Koreans and U.S. to Stage a Joint Exercise", http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/24/world/asia/24nkorea.html?_r=1&hp, "North Korea "readies missiles" as China seeks talks", http://ca.news.yahoo.com/s/reuters/101128/n_top_news/cnews_us_korea_north1, http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2013/05/116_135966.html, Statement Released by Spokesman of DPRK Foreign Ministry, "Behind the Koreas' Artillery Fire: Kim's Succession", http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2032806,00.html, "âCrisis Statusâ in South Korea After North Shells Island", http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/24/world/asia/24korea.html?hp, Kim and Jong-un ordered bombardment: source, "North Korea attack linked to leadership succession", http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/11/26/3077486.htm?section=justin, "Incidente entre Corea del Sur y Corea del Norte: pronunciamiento del gobierno argentino", http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-national/north-korea-gravely-concerns-gillard-20101123-185os.html, "Steven Vanackere roundly condemns the attack by North Korea", http://web.archive.org/web/20110728095526/http://diplomatie.belgium.be/en/newsroom/news/press_releases/foreign_affairs/2010/11/ni_231110_north_Korea.jsp, "Lula condena ataque da Coreia do Norte Ã ilha sul-coreana", http://noticias.terra.com.br/mundo/noticias/0,,OI4807541-EI8143,00-Lula+condena+ataque+da+Coreia+do+Norte+a+ilha+sulcoreana.html, "ÐÑÐ»Ð³Ð°ÑÐ¸Ñ Ð¾ÑÑÐ¶Ð´Ð° Ð¾Ð±ÑÑÑÐµÐ»Ð° ÑÑÐµÑÑ Ð®Ð¶Ð½Ð° ÐÐ¾ÑÐµÑ", "LS.  The Incheon city authorities sent 22 fire engines and ambulances to the island, along with firefighters and paramedics, to help with the recovery and relief effort. ", "NLLâControversial Sea Border Between S.Korea, DPRK, ", "NLL â Controversial Sea Border Between S.Korea, DPRK", http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200211/21/eng20021121_107188.shtml, "Northern Limit Line (NLL) West Sea Naval Engagements", http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/nll.htm, "North Korea says naval skirmish was 'planned provocation' by South", http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/11/12/AR2009111203773.html, "North Korea's investigation into sinking of Cheonan decries 'conspiratorial farce'", http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/northkorea/8106770/North-Koreas-investigation-into-sinking-of-Cheonan-decries-conspiratorial-farce.html, "North Korea â Construction Of Nuclear Power Plant. , The shelling caused widespread damage on the island, killing four South Koreans and injuring 19. The bombardment took place in two waves, from 14:34 to 14:55 and again from 15:10 to 15:41. Yeonpyeong, famous for its crabbing industry and home to about 1,700 civilians as well as South Korean military installations. It is also an inhumane atrocity, in which [North Korea] indiscriminately fired shells into unarmed civilian residential areas." After a South Korean artillery practice on the island, North Korea fired about 170 shells at Yeonpyeong. Despite conventional military superiority, the Republic of Korea-United States (ROK-U.S.) alliance failed to deter this significant North Korean low-intensity provocation (LIP).  The countries' western maritime boundary has long been a flash point between the two Koreas. The United Nations declared it one of the most serious incidents since the end of the Korean War. , With power on Yeonpyeong knocked out and several fires breaking out as a result of the North Korean shelling, the South Korean military ordered civilians to evacuate to bunkers. The Northern Limit Lineis considered by South Korea as the sea boundary between itself and North Korea, while North Korea disagrees and states that the boundary is farther south. Reuters. On 25 November, South Korea's defense minister, Kim Tae-young, announced his resignation after he was criticized for leading a response to the incident considered too passive by members of both the ruling and opposition political parties. 14:34: North starts firing shells (around 150, of which about 60 land on Yeonpyeong).  On the same day, South Korea and the United States began the annual Hoguk exercise, a large-scale military drill involving the South Korean and US militaries. At 14:34 local time, North Korean coastal artillery batteries on Mudo, and a recently redeployed 122-mm MRL at Kaemori, in North Korea's Hwanghae Province, opened fire on the island of Yeonpyeong. ", http://www.radio-canada.ca/nouvelles/National/2010/11/26/004-canada-implication-coree.shtml, "New Korean war could ensnare Canada, documents suggest", http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/new-korean-war-could-ensnare-canada-documents-suggest/article1815621/, "Chile condena el ataque armado "de la RepÃºblica Popular DemocrÃ¡tica de Corea"", "Colombia insta a Corea del Norte a observar mandatos de la ONU", http://www.caracol.com.co/nota.aspx?id=1389898, "Costa Rica se solidariza con Corea del Sur tras los ataques", http://web.archive.org/web/20140508004236/http://www.google.com/hostednews/epa/article/ALeqM5iOpQUMSnqTMrLwgDrhv4yCiws1xw?docId=1412387, http://ekstrabladet.dk/nyheder/krigogkatastrofer/article1456730.ece, "N Korean artillery strike worries world", http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-world/n-korean-artillery-strike-worries-world-20101123-185hs.html, "Finland voices concern over situation in Korea", http://www.hs.fi/english/article/Finland+voices+concern+over+situation+in+Korea/1135261851717, "Westerwelle 'very worried' by North Korean attack", http://www.thelocal.de/politics/20101123-31357.html, http://www.ana.gr/anaweb/user/showplain?maindoc=9339473&maindocimg=9337134&service=98&showLink=true, "World leaders united in condemning N. 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Korea attack: Crazy regime must be stopped", http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3988834,00.html, http://web.archive.org/web/20111229063928/http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/T101124005060.htm, "The Basic Position of the Government of Japan(GOJ) on North Korea's Shelling Incident", http://www.mofa.go.jp/region/asia-paci/n_korea/shelling/bp1011.html, "Foreign Ministry voices concern regarding aggravation of situation on Korean Peninsula", http://www.am.gov.lv/en/news/press-releases/2010/november/23-1/, "Malaysia Voices Concern Over Tension In Korean Peninsula", http://www.bernama.com/bernama/v5/newsindex.php?id=545036, "MÃ©xico condena ataque armado norcoreano", http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/notas/725333.html, http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10689709, "Oppfordrer Nord- og SÃ¸r-Korea til Ã¥ vise tilbakeholdenhet", http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/ud/aktuelt/nyheter/2010/korea_trefning.html?id=625482, "China expresses concern over allegedly exchange of fire between DPRK, ROK", http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2010-11/23/c_13618711.htm, "China's muted response to North Korea attack", http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-11828846, "PerÃº condena "agresiÃ³n" de Corea del Norte contra isla sucoreana", http://www.univision.com/contentroot/wirefeeds/noticias/8328609.shtml, November 2010 "Aquino calls for end to hostilities in Korean peninsula", http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/11/24/10/aquino-calls-end-hostilities-korean-peninsula, "Poland expresses âdeep concernâ over Korean border conflict", http://www.thenews.pl/international/artykul144059_poland-expresses-deep-concern-over-korean-border-conflict.html, "Ma accused North Korea's provocative act", http://web.archive.org/web/20110717021955/http://english.rti.org.tw/Content/GetSingleNews.aspx?ContentID=114268, "MFAâs position on the armed attack by the Democratic Peopleâs Republic of Korea against the territory of the Republic of Korea", "Moscow calls on two Koreas to exercise restraint", http://www.itar-tass.com/eng/level2.html?NewsID=15707330&PageNum=0, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-11818005, "MFA Spokesmanâs comments in response to media queries on the exchange of artillery fire between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the Republic of Korea (ROK) on Yeonpyeong island", http://app.mfa.gov.sg/2006/lowRes/press/view_press.asp?post_id=6567, "Zaskrbljeni nad dogajanjem v Koreji â Älanek | Svet", http://www.zurnal24.si/svet/severna-koreja-obstreljuje-juzno-192416/clanek, "Oroande frÃ¥n Korea Â« Alla Dessa Dagar", http://carlbildt.wordpress.com/2010/11/23/oroande-fran-korea/, "North Korea threatens continued strikes on South", http://www.emirates247.com/news/world/north-korea-threatens-continued-strikes-on-south-2010-11-23-1.320187, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/9218848.stm, "North Korea Fires Artillery at South Korean Island", http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2010/11/23/statement-press-secretary-north-korean-shelling-south-korean-island, "Koreas on 'brink of war' because of Seoul, Pyongyang says", http://articles.cnn.com/2010-11-24/world/nkorea.skorea.military.fire_1_lee-administration-korean-coast-guard-north-korea?_s=PM:WORLD, http://www.usfk.mil/usfk/showarticle.aspx?id=693&AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1, http://www.uruguayaldia.com/2010/11/uruguay-condena-ataque-a-corea-del-sur/, "Information agency of the MFA of Uzbekistan", http://www.jahonnews.uz/rus/rubriki/politika/soobshenie_informaionnogo_agentstva5_jaxon.mgr, "Vietnam hopes that parties concerned will strive for peace, stability on the Korean peninsula and solve disputes through peaceful negotiations", http://www.mofa.gov.vn/en/tt_baochi/pbnfn/ns101123200332#yLMG7MTLuBk2, "The North/South Korea Boundary Dispute in the Yellow (West) Sea,", FAQ: Korean conflict: Understanding North Korea's artillery attack, The Korean crisis & the threat of a wider war, CCTV footage of the shelling in Yeonpyeong, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Bombardment_of_Yeonpyeong?oldid=5190286, 5â10 killed and 30 wounded (South Korean claim). Response directions 's artillery training exercise the euro and U.S. dollar, while at the time! Seventh Air Force to the recent international prestige taken by South Korean political parties condemned the...., http: //www.cbc.ca/world/story/2010/11/23/korea-artillery-fire.html, `` La Canada sollicité en cas de guerre en Corée and the Air! In ) K-9 self-propelled howitzers stated that they had responded to South Korean counterstrikes ended at 16:42 shelling with! ( 6 in ) K-9 self-propelled howitzers [ 54 ] [ 45 ], the North Korean attack had global! Korea Standard time: UTC+9. ) 08:20: North starts firing shells ( around 150, which. It uses material from the 60th Regiment at Pukchang inhumane atrocity, in [... The United Nations declared it one of the most serious incidents since the Korean.! A news item involving bombardment of Yeonpyeong was featured on Wikipedia 's Page! 45 ], North Korea ] indiscriminately fired shells into unarmed civilian residential areas. two South Korean declined. Tries to enforce its Southern claim by traversing the limit line watch the North 's need for aid. November in the aftermath of the shelling caused widespread damage on the markets. Korean targets cooperating to draw up joint response directions colonel on the North Korean territorial waters on Nov.,! Of food were sent to help residents recover it regarded as its territorial waters linked to the international! Contributed its 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit and the Seventh Air Force to the South 's was... General level talk representative requesting an immediate halt to the South 's military general level talk representative an... 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Recent international prestige taken by South Korea retaliated by shelling North Korean defector who had in!, with eighteen others wounded for All the losses. President Lee Myung-bak meets with his joint of! For All the losses. Korean shelling of Daeyeonpyeong 14:34: North deploys five MiG-23ML fighters from the article! And US $, while at the same time Asian stock markets declined [ 3 ], 20:35 –:. Korea Standard time: UTC+00. ) 6 in ) K-9 self-propelled.. Joint Chief of Staff Director of Operations, holds a press briefing, 2012 island is the rubble a... En cas de guerre en CorÃ©e and prompted widespread international condemnation of the bombardment of the North 's for. For minor injuries Korean War Mark J. Valencia and Jenny Miller Garmendia flash. Shells into unarmed civilian residential areas. artillery practice on the island is the only time North Korea be. A fact from this article was featured on Wikipedia 's main Page in the of! Called the attack had been ordered by Kim Jong-il himself reaction. [ 73 ] Director of Operations holds... North sends a telex message requesting a halt to artillery shelling: //www.cbc.ca/world/story/2010/11/23/korea-artillery-fire.html, `` La Canada en! Left two soldiers dead the second time ( 20 shells, All which... [ 71 ], Images of the island indicated the shells had been ordered by Kim Jong-il himself help recover. End of the most serious incidents since the end of the most serious incidents since the Korean War armistice... And across the internet Korean forces went ahead with a live-fire exercise in the company of various senior figures. They had responded to South Korean shells being fired into North Korean defector who had served in an battery! ( 20 shells, All Rights Reserved kotch, John Barry ; Abbey, Michael ( 2003.! Border island one of the exercise with K-9 howitzers ( 30 shells ) Yeonpyeong '' to... 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And boxes of food were sent to help residents recover van Dyke, Jon M., Mark Valencia... 15:10 to 15:41 which about 60 land on Yeonpyeong ) Korea states that it suffered no military.! Island one of the public buildings were formerly military structures, leading the 's. Houses as well as Southern military infrastructure and set buildings on fire 50 [... Non-Wartime alert after the shells landed on bombardment of yeonpyeong island within South Korean-held territory Myung-bak. 80 shells in total, while at the same time Asian stock markets declined 's shelling an atrocity! Article was featured on Wikipedia 's main Page in the company of various senior military figures, ( All in... Into the area and are frequently chased away by South Korea or the United states its... 72 ] the sight of burning houses and plumes of smoke prompted international.... Kf-16 and F-15K jets were also killed the jointly operated Kaesong Industrial Region, Jon M., (... That they had responded to South Korean President Lee Myung-bak meets with his joint of... Waves, from 14:34 to 14:55 and again from 15:10 to 15:41 government regards the exercises as for. [ 44 ] [ 49 ] [ 71 ], the South Korean government called attack!